Arabic

See on Scoop.itMixed American Life

Arabic (300s- ) is the main language of North Africa, the Middle East and, according to the Prophet Muhammad, of Paradise. It is the language of the Koran. In 1974 it became one of the official languages of the United Nations. It is the largest language in Africa, the fourth largest in the world (after English, Mandarin Chinese and Hindi/Urdu).

English has about 2,000 root words from Arabic, mainly by way of French, Italian, Spanish and Latin. Among them:

1200s: admiral, candy, syrup, sugar, mattress, elixir, scarlet, chess, cotton, lute, saffron1300s: caliph, alchemy, Aldebaran, Algol, zenith, nadir, orange, azure, checkmate, rook (chess), amber, alkali, borax1400s: lemon, spinach, jar (container), carat, crimson1500s: mosque, emir, vizier, sultan, artichoke, apricot, arsenal, magazine, alcohol, algebra, Rigel, Betelgeuse, calibre, caliper, giraffe, assassin, gauze, lacquer, monsoon, sheikh, talc, tariff, Gibraltar1600s: Muslim, minaret, Koran, coffee, alcove, sofa, algorithm, Vega, genie, zero, harem, sherbet, gazelle, guitar, lime (fruit), sequin, Sahara, Abyssinia, madrasah1700s: fake, ghoul, carmine, cheque, tambourine, adobe, Allah1800s: Islam, tangerine, so long, safari, alfalfa, tuna, wadi, burka, hijab1900s: intifada
See on abagond.wordpress.com

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s