Glossary

Acting White

In the United States, acting white is a pejorative term, usually applied to African Americans, which refers to a person’s perceived betrayal of their culture by assuming the social expectations of white society. Success in education in particular (depending on one’s cultural background) can be seen as a form of “selling out” by being disloyal to one’s culture. -Philip J. Cook and Jens Ludwig in “Weighing the “Burden of ‘Acting White’”
HT -Maria C. in ‘Mixed Fellings, Literally

Amerasian

Having one American and one Asian parent. –Oxford

Anglo

A short way of saying ‘Non-Hispanic White’, technically it is short for Anglo-Saxon (English-German) – but Anglo is used for anyone who appears White and is not of Latin origin.

Aztec (Mexica)

The people and culture we know as “Aztec” referred to themselves as the Mexica (pronounced “Mé-shee-ka”). –Khan Academy

blood type

also called a blood group, is a classification of blood based on the presence or absence of inherited antigenic substances on the surface of red blood cells. – Wikipedia
There are four main blood types (A, B, AB, O), however all four blood types exist in almost all ethnic groups.

bone marrow

the flexible tissue in the interior of bones – Wikipedia
Bone marrow transplants can be conducted to treat severe diseases of the bone marrow, including certain forms of cancer such as leukemia.
There are many types of bone marrow. So many types that any one person has a 1 in 20,000 chance of being a bone marrow match for a stranger.

cline

a gradient of morphological or physiological change in a group of related organisms usually along a line of environmental or geographic transition – m-w

endogamy

marrying within a specific group, however the form of marriage and the boundaries of the group are defined – rootsandroutes

exogamy

marrying outside of that group – rootsandroutes

ethnic heritage

also called ethnicity, is a socially-defined category of people who identify with each other based on common ancestral, social, cultural or national experience. –Wikipedia

genotype

all or part of the genetic constitution of an individual or group — compare phenotype – m-w

five shades of White

Very common heritage in the U.S., includes various European heritage with the most common as German, English and Irish. Other common shades of white in the U.S. are Spanish, Italian, Jewish and Danish.

haplogroup

is a group of similar haplotypes that share a common ancestor having the same single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) mutation in all haplotypes – Wikipedia
There are 52 different haplotypes listed on this map. When two haplotypes mix together, is the child a new mixed haplotype?

haplotype

a contraction for haploid genotype. A haplotype is a collection of specific alleles (particular DNA sequences) in a cluster of tightly-linked genes on a chromosome that are likely to be inherited together. – Wikipedia

heritage

something transmitted by or acquired from a predecessor – m-w

heterogeneous

made up of parts that are different – m-w

Hispanic

It is widely accepted that “hispanic” as an ethnic category was created by the U.S. government to distinguish European “Whites” (anglo-saxon/european/”honorary” whites) from Mestizos and even Spaniards. In the first half of the 20th Century many Mexican Americans, Mestizos and Spaniards were categorized as “White” on census and vital statistic documents (i.e. birth cirtificates). This did not translate into the possession of “whiteness” however. Because spaniards are, for all intents and purposes, white europeans and more so due to the material benefits/privileges gained by the “possesive investement” in whiteness many raza sought to declare/defend their spanish or white heritage through producing birth certificates/census records of an ancestor which clearly states their race as “white”/”spanish”.  –Xicanos Blog
Also see Hispaniola to see the roots of the made up word ‘Hispanic’.

homogamy

Homogamy (sociology), marriage between individuals who are, in some culturally important way, similar to each other –Wikipedia

Latin@

A more encompassing term than Hispanic because Latino/a includes all of Latin American (including Brazil).
Hispanic means a person from a Spanish speaking country, including Latin America and Spain –  but not Portuguese speaking Brazil.
Also see, Hispanic, Latino, Chicano, Mexica – Glenn Robinson

MENA

Middle East and North Africa region. A term in consideration for the 2020 US Census.
Note: In the 2010 and prior US Censuses, Middle Eastern and Egyptian people were instructed to classify themselves as White .  (page 2 at census.gov/…)

phenotype

the observable properties of an organism that are produced by the interaction of the genotype and the environment – m-w

pigmentocracy

Government by or social hierarchy of those with a certain skin tone, regardless of race or socioeconomic status. –Wiktionary
Pigmentocracy: Real Talk About Fair Skin

race (disambiguation)

a category of humankind that shares certain distinctive physical traits – m-w
For a more detailed description, check Stanford’s page –Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (HT @racelessgospel)

racialized

to give a racial character to – m-w
people are racialized. The race assigned to people does not always match their true ethnic heritage.

triracial isolates

Triracial isolates represent some two hundred communities scattered throughout the eastern United States, particularly in the southeast, of varying combinations and degrees of European American, Native American, and African American descent. -HT Mixed Race Studies
Source: G. Reginald Daniel, More Than Black? Multiracial Identity and the New Racial Order (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, December, 2001) 68-69

MORE

Mixed Race Studies – Definitions and Terms

 

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