Is race biologically real?

Is race biologically real? Or is it just a social construct?
 
In 1912 most Western scientists would have said yes, race is real, a fact of nature. They took it for granted as “obvious”. But in 2012 most geneticists and biological anthropologists would have answered no.
 
What seems to have changed their minds:
    1. The Holocaust made “race” seem like a dangerous idea now that white people were getting killed. Many scientists began to question it.
    2. Advances in genetics made race seem arbitrary, subjective and, at best, skin deep. It did not match what genes did.
    3. The rise of colour-blind racism in the US, which seeks to address the issue of race by – not seeing it!
    4. Out of Africa – once it became clear that humans came from Africa, not Europe or North Eurasia, scientists did not trade their white supremacism for black supremacism. Instead it was: “Race does not matter!”
Community Village‘s insight:
The words ‘haplogroup’ and ‘haplotype’ are the scientific replacements for the word race.
The word ‘cline’ is the poetic replacement for the word race.
The best book I’ve read on this topic is ‘The Nature of Race: How Scientists Think and Teach about Human Difference’ by Ann Morning
– – @getgln

See on abagond.wordpress.com

Human skin – Pigments

See on Scoop.itMixed American Life

There are at least five different pigments that determine the color of the skin. These pigments are present at different levels and places.

Melanin: It is brown in color and present in the germinative zone of the epidermis.Melanoid: It resembles melanin but is present diffusely throughout the epidermis.Keratin: This pigment is yellow to orange in color. It is present in the stratum corneum and fat cells of dermis and superficial fascia.Hemoglobin (also spelled haemoglobin): It is found in blood and is not a pigment of the skin but develops a purple color.Oxyhemoglobin: It is also found in blood and is not a pigment of the skin. It develops a red color.

Glenn Robinson‘s insight:

Because of Keratin some people of European heritage are yellow to orange, and because of oxyhemoglobin seen through thin skin some of European heritage are pink.

See on en.wikipedia.org

melanin | Abagond

See on Scoop.itMixed American Life

Melanin is the substance that gives skin, eyes and hair their colour. It is found in most living things. It makes squid ink and crow feathers black. Those without melanin are albinos. Even white pe…

Glenn Robinson‘s insight:

Abagond always amazes me. He is great at finding and presenting information in an interesting and concise way.

See on abagond.wordpress.com