Robert Smalls (White/Black) [American] …

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Robert Smalls (White/Black) [American]

 

Known as: Politician, Sea Captain & Ship Pilot (US Congressman from South Carolina from 1875-79 & 1882-1887; First captain of African-American descent of a naval vessel in the service of the United States; Influenced Abraham Lincoln to accept African-American soliders into the Union Army; Authored legislation in South Carolina first free and compulsory public school system in the United States; Founded the Republican Party of South Carolina; The US naval vessal “USS Robert Smalls” was named in his honor)

 

Special Historical Note: Freed himself, his crew and their families from slavery by commandeering the CSS Planter, a Confederate transport ship, and sailing it to freedom.

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